Essentials of Pentecostal Theology
eBook - ePub

Essentials of Pentecostal Theology

An Eternal and Unchanging Lord Powerfully Present & Active by the Holy Spirit

Tony Richie

  1. 250 pages
  2. English
  3. ePUB (mobile friendly)
  4. Available on iOS & Android
eBook - ePub

Essentials of Pentecostal Theology

An Eternal and Unchanging Lord Powerfully Present & Active by the Holy Spirit

Tony Richie

Book details
Book preview
Table of contents
Citations

About This Book

Only a few decades past, academia tended to scoff at the very idea of serious Pentecostal theology. Today profound and variegated theological implications of this dynamic movement are the object of exploration and development across the entire spectrum of the Christian theological corpus. Arguably, an acute need has arisen for identification and evaluation of the Pentecostal movement's original and ongoing theological "essentials." What is Pentecostal theology really all about anyway?This volume realizes that Pentecostal theology is at its heart a working theology undergirding and energizing believers' worship of God in prayer and praise, in holy living, and in witness to a personal experience of the risen Lord and Savior manifested in the continuing power of the Holy Spirit. Authentic implementation, if not explicit articulation, of fervent Pentecostal theology often occurs in the vitality of local churches, house fellowships, and various mission settings in America and around the world. Birthed in the fires of revival movements, essential Pentecostalism, including Pentecostal theology, continues to burn brightest wherever it is fueled most directly.

Frequently asked questions

How do I cancel my subscription?
Simply head over to the account section in settings and click on “Cancel Subscription” - it’s as simple as that. After you cancel, your membership will stay active for the remainder of the time you’ve paid for. Learn more here.
Can/how do I download books?
At the moment all of our mobile-responsive ePub books are available to download via the app. Most of our PDFs are also available to download and we're working on making the final remaining ones downloadable now. Learn more here.
What is the difference between the pricing plans?
Both plans give you full access to the library and all of Perlego’s features. The only differences are the price and subscription period: With the annual plan you’ll save around 30% compared to 12 months on the monthly plan.
What is Perlego?
We are an online textbook subscription service, where you can get access to an entire online library for less than the price of a single book per month. With over 1 million books across 1000+ topics, we’ve got you covered! Learn more here.
Do you support text-to-speech?
Look out for the read-aloud symbol on your next book to see if you can listen to it. The read-aloud tool reads text aloud for you, highlighting the text as it is being read. You can pause it, speed it up and slow it down. Learn more here.
Is Essentials of Pentecostal Theology an online PDF/ePUB?
Yes, you can access Essentials of Pentecostal Theology by Tony Richie in PDF and/or ePUB format, as well as other popular books in Theology & Religion & Christian Denominations. We have over one million books available in our catalogue for you to explore.

Information

Part One

Various Accents and Conflicts

1

Representative Perspectives

One can compare Pentecostal theology to the phenomenon of pronunciation in which the same language exhibits different accents. Out of many possible candidates, as it were, I have selected a few particularly significant representatives of nuanced perspectives from across the Pentecostal tradition. These include, among others who could (and should) well be named, Walter Hollenweger, French Arrington, Hollis Gause, Steve Land, Frank Macchia, Estrelda Alexander, Leonard Lovett, Cheryl Bridges Johns, Lisa Stephenson, Samuel Solivan, Eldin Villafañe, Cecil M. Robeck, Amos Yong, and Veli-Matti Kärkkäinen. Taken together, the range of their interests and approaches reflects important theological trends in the movement along with a bit of assessment and interaction on my part. Please note that I attempt to present the thought of each representative in the best possible light from their perspective. I ask readers not to assume that I agree uncritically with everything each espouses. For that matter, I do not assume that they would agree uncritically with everything I espouse or with each other. However, I certainly consider these thinkers to represent some of the best and most productive Pentecostal theology being done today.
Before proceeding, please bear in mind two realistic features of the development of contemporary Pentecostal theology. First, doing Pentecostal theology as a specific, sustained discipline, is a relatively new endeavor. For the most part, early Pentecostals were content to draw on their understanding of the Scriptures in the context of their formative traditions in light of their experience of the Holy Spirit without professional, academic theological support or direction. Second, recent Pentecostal theology has made incredible strides in an amazingly short time. The surging growth of global Pentecostalism has generated a widespread interest, extending even beyond the movement, which, coupled with the increasing affluence and influence of at least large sectors of the movement itself, has contributed to a proliferation of scholarship, in almost all fields of religious inquiry, which together have made the last several decades a period of unparalleled theological development and maturation.
Walter Hollenweger: Pentecostal Theology as Affective Orality
A Swiss historian and theologian from a Pentecostal background but with Reformed commitments, Walter Hollenweger stressed the orality of Pentecostal worship and thought as processed and expressed primarily in songs, testimonies, preaching, worship, and prayer.68 In this view Pentecostal theology is not so much discursive as it is affective and intuitive. Early Pentecostal thought certainly did not present itself through analytical, logical argumentation. Rather, it embraced the potential epistemological richness of attitudes, dispositions, emotions, immediate apprehension or insight—in other words, the ability to attain knowledge apart from evident rational thought. In this regard Pentecostal theology is an art rather than a science. Thus, Pentecostalism represents a dramatic (pun intended) alternative to how much of Christian theology is done.
Admittedly, overemphasis on this affective-emotional-intuitive dimension can become anti-intellectual and anti-educational. It can degenerate into fanaticism. Most negative stereotypes of Pentecostals are probably traceable to unpleasant encounters with some form of this unfortunate phenomenon.69 In actual practice Pentecostal appreciation for the supra-rational or non-rational (not irrational) usually facilitates a more holistic life of faith offering a much-needed corrective to reductionist extremes of post-Enlightenment rationalism and modernity’s disenchantment of ontological reality. I am reminded of two sides of C. S. Lewis. An ever-popular apologist and theologian, Lewis complemented brilliant intellectual, cognitively-oriented works such as Mere Christianity and The Abolition of Man with sublime intuitive, en-spiritedly imaginative works such as The Chronicles of Narnia and The Space Trilogy.70 For him theology was not either/or when it comes to analytical logic and spiritual insight; it was both/and.
An abundance of reputable Pentecostal scholars and theologians over the last several decades indicate that Pentecostals are coming to terms with the life of the mind. Along with other followers of Jesus, Pentecostals love God not only with their heart and soul but with their mind as well (Matt 22:37). And yet Pentecostal theologians must not forget the rare and precious jewel of spiritual insight and revelatory understanding as an intrinsic and essential element of knowing the things of God (1 Cor 2:1016). The great American theologian and philosopher Jonathan Edwards well said, “holy affections not only necessarily belong to true religion, but are a very great part of such religion.”71 We do well to hear him further: “As there is no true religion where there is nothing else but affection, so there is no true religion where there is no religious affection.”72 Or as Welch well observes, although education is becoming increasingly important among Pentecostal clergy, spiritual anointing and charisma are still essential.73 Doing Pentecostal theology should be both an art and a science.
French Arrington: Pentecostal Theology with an Evangelical Identity
French Arrington presents a Classical Pentecostal theology similar in many ways to that of typical Evangelical theologies—but with distinctive and pronounced pneumatological and charismatic emphases.74 Thinking on God, Christ, the Holy Spirit, the church and...

Table of contents

  1. Title Page
  2. Foreword by Steven Jack Land
  3. Acknowledgements
  4. Introduction
  5. Part One: Various Accents and Conflicts
  6. Part Two: A Description Not a Definition
  7. Part Three: Crucial Commitments
  8. Bibliography