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Hazardous Substances and Human Health
Hazardous Substances and Human Health
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Hazardous Substances and Human Health

Exposure, Impact and External Cost Assessment at the European Scale
Till M Bachmann
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612 pages
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English
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Hazardous Substances and Human Health

Exposure, Impact and External Cost Assessment at the European Scale
Till M Bachmann
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About This Book

There is widespread public concern about hazardous chemicals that are contained in air, soil, water and food. Policy has therefore adopted a series of laws and regulations concerning emissions into and concentration levels in different media including food. As policy makers do not only have to consider the protection of the environment but also need to ensure a well-functioning economy at the same time, these limit or target values need to be set in a balanced way. The main problem, however, is to compare the costs for achieving these targets with the benefits to society by having a smaller exposure to hazardous substances (cost-benefit analysis).

This book sets out to improve the reliability of cost-benefit analyses particularly of hazardous substances present in air, water, soil and food. It suggests that the human health risk assessment of chemicals is performed in a bottom-up analysis, i.e., following a spatially resolved multimedia modelling approach. In order to support cost-benefit analyses, the approach is accompanied by monetary valuation of human health impacts, yielding so-called external costs. Results for selected priority metals show that these external costs are small compared to those by the classical air pollutants and involve rather long time horizons touching on the aspect of intergenerational equity within sustainable development. When including further hazardous substances, the total external costs attributable to contaminants are expected to be more substantial.

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Information

Publisher
Elsevier Science
Year
2006
ISBN
9780080462523
Topic
Technology & Engineering
Subtopic
Industrial Health & Safety

Table of contents