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Información del libro
This title was first published in 2001. An important critical study of the theories of dependency both past and present. Since the theories of dependency are based on the Marxian notion of exploitation and backwardness, the book starts with the elaboration of the Marxian theory of development and underdevelopment. The book analyses various concepts and precepts of dependency as well as critically discussing the individual theories of Baran, Frank, Amin, Emmanuel, Prebisch and Singer. The contributions of more recent writers including Furtado, Kay, Wallerstein and Marini are also considered. The main focus of the book lies in the thorough analysis of all the important traditional as well as modern theories of dependency. The main message of the present book is that the phenomenology of dependency is still relevant as a methodology of study of development and underdevelopment. The book incorporates some pressing contemporary issues to give fresh flavour to the old dependency debate. A special feature of the book lies in the critical appraisal for each of the theories studied. The book is designed to serve as a valuable compendium for students of economic development and political economy and for those interested in the study of the economic backwardness of the Third World countries.
- (i) Academic Dependency: The education system of LDCs, including curricula, evaluation process and the like, are dependent on the Western education system. In LDCs, the stock and flow of our knowledge, thinking process, academic information and orientation, and also the dimensions of our problems and the suggestions for their possible solutions are based on western books and journals published by a few multinational publishing companies.
- (ii) Cultural Dependency: The socio-cultural way of life and the value system of LDCs have become completely dependent on those of DCs. The cultural dualism produced this way has led to a crisis of identity in LDCs.
- (iii) Financial Dependency: This refers to the dependency of LDCs with respect to capital inflows, direct foreign investment, loans, interest on loans, and so on.
- (iv) Market Dependency: The LDCs are dependent on DCs for various market interactions. To some extent, the domestic inflation rates and currency values of LDCs also depend on DCs. In international transactions, the LDCs have to submit to the market power of DCs.
- (v) Human Resources Dependency: The training of high quality manpower and the ultimate loss of a part of this manpower, commonly known as Brain Drain problem, is the reflection of a dependency relation through which human capital resources are drawn away from LDCs without the payment of compensation.
- (vi) Consumer’s Dependency: The tastes, preferences and the consumption patterns of Third World consumers are nowadays very much dependent on DCs, their way of life and systems.
- (vii) Bio-dependency: The whole field of medical research, human pathology, medicines and treatment processes in LDCs are almost completely dependent on the Western system which dumps not only costly medicines but also banned and harmful drugs to the LDCs.
- (viii) Environmental Dependency: The DCs are emerging as the vector of environmental protection. For the evaluation and solution of their pollution problems, the LDCs are made to be dependent on DCs.
- (ix) Military Dependency: These days, the LDCs have to remain dependent for their so-called securities on the DCs who supply the arms and ammunitions for fighting wars and frighten away the enemies if needed. But more often than not, the DCs try to sustain the bones of contention among the LDCs to make them dependent in many ways to DCs.
- (x) Policy Dependency: The DCs are directly or indirectly interfering with the internal policies of...