Insight Out
eBook - ePub

Insight Out

Tina Seelig

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  1. 256 pagine
  2. English
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eBook - ePub

Insight Out

Tina Seelig

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In this revolutionary guide, Stanford University Professor and international bestselling author of inGenius adopts her popular course material to teach everyone how to make imaginative ideas a reality.

As a leading expert on creativity, Tina Seelig has continually explored what we can each do to unleash our entrepreneurial spirit. In Insight Out, she offers us the tools to make our ideas a reality. She clearly defines the concepts of imagination, creativity, innovation, and entrepreneurism, showing how they affect each other and how we can unlock the pathway from imagination to implementation, where our ideas then gain the power to inspire the imaginations of others.

Drawing on more than a decade of experience as a professor at the Stanford University School of Engineering, Seelig shows readers how to work through the steps of imagination, ideation, innovation, and implementation, using each step to build upon the last, to ultimately create something complex, interesting, and powerful. Coping with today's constant change, everyone needs these skills to conquer challenges and seize the opportunities that arise. Seelig irrefutably demonstrates that these skills can be taught, and shows us how to mobilize our own energy and bring new ideas to life.

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Informazioni

Editore
HarperOne
Anno
2015
ISBN
9780062301321

Part One

Imagination

Engage and Envision

image
Scott Harrison’s life was a mess. After ten years of working as a nightclub promoter where his goal was to entice others to go to clubs and get as drunk as possible, he was completely miserable and surrounded by what he calls a “trail of wreckage.” In a lecture at Stanford he said,
. . . by the age of 28 I have assumed every single vice that you would imagine comes with nightlife. I smoke 2.5 packs of Marlboro a day. I drink excessively. I am a coke user, an MDMA user, an X user. I have a gambling problem, a pornography problem and a strip club problem. So thankfully I woke up out of my stupor after 10 years of this. I was in Punta del Este in South America . . . and it just dawned on me that I am not only the most miserable person I know, I’m the worst person I know. I mean there is no one more selfish and sycophantic than I was. And I realized that the legacy I was creating, what I was going to be known for, was that guy who threw parties and just got people wasted. And there was kind of wreckage everywhere.
In a state of disgust about what his life had become, Scott made the decision that he needed to change everything. He asked himself, “What would the opposite of my life look like?” After weeks of reflection, his answer was to offer his services to a humanitarian organization so that he could help those in need.
Scott reached out to a long list of social service groups, volunteering to help. They all turned him down. He clearly didn’t look like someone who was capable of contributing. Undeterred, he continued his quest and was finally accepted as a volunteer by Mercy Ships, an organization that sends floating hospitals to the poorest regions of the world to provide free medical care. They told Scott that he could participate if he paid his own way. He jumped at the chance.
Doctors on Mercy Ships volunteer their time for two weeks, doing surgery and supplying medication to those in need. The ship that Scott boarded headed to Liberia, in West Africa. His job was to serve as the photojournalist, capturing the stories of those who received care from the medical staff. The experience opened Scott’s eyes to a world of suffering. There were thousands of people with devastating illnesses, many of which were caused by water contaminated by bacteria, parasites, and sewage. His photos showed young and old people whose lives had been destroyed by the lack of clean drinking water. He decided that he needed to do something to contribute to a solution.
Upon returning to New York City in 2006, Scott founded charity:water with the goal of providing safe drinking water to the eight hundred million people on the planet who don’t have it. Building on his skills as a club promoter, he rallied support from millions of people around the world, including leaders of high-profile companies who have, in turn, used their influence to reach even more people. Charity:water’s tactics are straightforward—they dig wells to reach fresh water, build rain catchment systems, and install sand filters, partnering with local groups to determine appropriate locations.
There are two relevant lessons from Scott Harrison’s story. First, passion follows engagement. You can best envision what you hope to accomplish after experiences that pique your imagination. As with Scott, before it’s your calling, it’s something you probably know nothing about. Second, we each decide the stage on which we will play out our lives. There are a myriad of options, and it is up to each of us to make that choice.
Making things happen begins by imagining what you hope to accomplish. In this section, we’ll explore this first stage of the Invention Cycle, showing how engaging and envisioning allow you to define the future you want to create.

Chapter 1

Engage

The Keys to the Building

Imagine staring at one painting for three hours. That’s what Jennifer Roberts, professor of History of Art and Architecture at Harvard, asks her students to do. This is part of a larger assignment in which the students intensively study one work of art. Before diving into secondary research in books or journals, they need to spend a painfully long time just observing the piece. At first, the students rebel, complaining that there can’t possibly be that much to see in a single object. When they’re done, however, they admit that they were “astonished by the potential this process unlocked.”
Jennifer Roberts shares her own experience with a 1765 painting by John Singleton Copley, called A Boy with a Flying Squirrel, in this excerpt from an article about her observations:
It took me nine minutes to notice that the shape of the boy’s ear precisely echoes that of the ruff along the squirrel’s belly—and that Copley was making some kind of connection between the animal and the human body and the sensory capacities of each. It was 21 minutes before I registered the fact that the fingers holding the chain exactly span the diameter of the water glass beneath them. It took a good 45 minutes before I realized that the seemingly random folds and wrinkles in the background curtain are actually perfect copies of the shapes of the boy’s ear and eye, as if Copley had imagined those sensory organs distributing or imprinting themselves on the surface behind him.
This exercise demonstrates that looking at something briefly doesn’t necessarily mean really seeing it. This is the case with all our senses. We so often listen but don’t really hear, touch without really feeling, look without really seeing.
To illustrate this point, I assigned a similar project to students in one of my courses. They were asked to take a silent walk for an hour, and to capture all that they heard and saw. Some chose a city setting, others the woods, and some sat at their own kitchen table. They made long lists of observations, realizing in the process that on most days they move so quickly—and noisily—through their lives that they miss the chance to observe what’s happening around them. This type of observation is not just a nice-to-have addition to our lives, but is the key to a door of opportunities. By actively engaging in the world, you begin noticing patterns and opportunities.
Consider the story of the founding of Lyft, which along with other ride-sharing firms is changing the way people get around town. It all started in Zimbabwe, Africa, where Logan Green was traveling for pleasure. He noticed that drivers traveling on the crowded streets picked up people along the way. A small car might be packed with ten people, all happy to hitch a ride. Logan contrasted this with his experience back at home in the United States, where most cars have a single passenger and the roads are clogged with commuters. He was inspired to consider a similar concept at home. This was the birth of Zimride, named for Zimbabwe.
Over time the strategy for Zimride evolved from arranging carpools for universities and companies to a mobile ride-sharing platform. The company changed its name to Lyft, but the initial vision for the firm remained, triggered by Logan’s observation of ride sharing along a bustling road in Africa.
I often meet individuals who are desperately looking deep inside themselves to find something that will drive their passion. They miss the fact that, for most of us, our actions lead to our passion, not the other way around. Passions are not innate, but grow from our experiences. For example, if you never heard a violin, kicked a ball, or cracked an egg, you’d never know that you enjoy classical music, soccer, or cooking, respectively.
Consider Scott Harrison’s story, told in the opening to part 1. He applied to volunteer at dozens of organizations and joined the one group that accepted him. It could have been any organization. In fact, it didn’t matter which one. Once he was involved, he started experiencing things he’d never seen before, and started asking questions—lots of questions. He wanted to know why there were so many sick people in Liberia, why they had illnesses he had never seen before, and what was causing those diseases. The answers to these questions moved him to ask even more questions about how to address the problem of waterborne illnesses. Before he got involved, he didn’t have a passion to deliver clean water to millions of people. His passion grew from engagement.
Your first step toward developing a passion need not be glamorous. If you took a job as a waiter in a restaurant, for instance, you would have the chance to interact with hundreds of people each day and to see the world from a unique perspective. There are countless lessons you would learn from this experience, along with opportunities for inspiration. For example, you might discover secrets to effective customer service and then dive into learning how to help others improve their hospitality skills. You might become fascinated with the dietary requirements of some of your customers and then decide to open a restaurant that addresses their needs. Or you might talk with a customer and discover that she has diabetes and, after learning about her challenges, take on that cause.
Just as there are almost infinite passions you could develop, so too are there wide-ranging directions you could take your new passion once it grips you. If you decide to focus on customer service, for example, you might develop a guide for best practices in the hospitality industry, launch a consulting business, make a documentary, or start a new restaurant. Without your initial experience as a waiter in a restaurant, you would never have found this new calling. In each case, once you open the door to a particular destination, you reveal a set of paths that you probably didn’t know existed. In fact, before it’s your cause, it’s likely something about which you knew nothing.
Love at first sight is rare in most aspects of life. The more experience you have with a person, a profession, or a problem, the more passionate and engaged you become. Let’s take this comparison further: If you want to get married, the last thing you should do is sit alone, waiting for the phone to ring, or for Prince or Princess Charming to show up at your door. The best chance to find a compatible match is to meet lots of people. Your attitude (affection) follows your actions (dating), not the other way around. Yes, the dating process can be filled with false starts and disappointments, but you will never be successful unless you embrace the process of discovery.
Discovery is predicated on curiosity. The more curious you are, the more willing you will be to engage in each new experience. The easiest way to tap into your natural curiosity is by asking questions. Instead of accepting everything you see, or bypassing things that don’t make sense to you, question everything. Using the earlier example of being a waiter, each day you might question why that day you receive more (or fewer) tips than the day before; why the restaurant is filled with customers of a particular demographic; or why some items on the menu are never ordered. Answering these questions leads to more questions, opens the door to interesting insights, and exercises your curiosity muscles.
Chip Conley, author of Emotional Equations, describes curiosity as fertilizer for the mind. He says, “There’s lots of evidence to suggest that it’s like blood in our veins, an essential, life-affirming emotion that keeps us forever young.” We all know that children are naturally curious, asking endless questions, such as why the sky is blue, why water is wet, and why they have to go to bed so early. Unfortunately, that curiosity is often quashed by responses such as, “Because I said so.” Instead of answering flippantly, we would do well to use these questions as a springboard, encouraging children to find out the answers for themselves. (We can do this as adults, too, by looking up answers or performing experiments.) For example, the child who doesn’t know why he or she should go to sleep so early could run an experiment to see how the body feels after getting differing amounts of sleep. Learning to answer your own questions—whether you are young or old—fuels curiosity, imagination, and confidence.
Scott Barry Kaufman, the scientific director of the Imagination Institute at the University of Pennsylvania, focuses on the measurement and development of intelligence and creativity. In a recent article, titled “From Evaluation to Inspiration,” he discusses the importance of training yourself to be curious and inspired by the world. He writes:
Inspiration awakens us to new possibilities by allowing us to transcend our ordinary experiences and limitations. Inspiration propels a person from apathy to possibility, and transforms the way we perceive our own capabilities. Inspiration may sometimes be overlooked because of its elusive nature. . . . But as recent research shows, inspiration can be activated, captured, and manipulated, and it has a major effect on important life outcomes.
Scott goes on to outline the things we can do to boost our ability to be inspired, including being open to new experiences, having a positive attitude, surrounding ourselves with inspiring role models, and recognizing the power of inspiration in our lives. Essentially, curiosity and inspiration are mind-sets that we can control. By fueling those mind-sets, we unlock countless opportunities.
My colleagues, Bill Burnett and Dave Evans teach a course at Stanford called “Designing Your Life.” In it they help young people unlock their curiosity and imagination, while providing tools for exploring and evaluating the possibilities in front of them. Bill and Dave provide students with a set of tools for reframing and prototyping alternative visions for their career, and bring in a wide range of people to share their professional journeys. This exposes the students to an incredible array of possible paths. Their final project involves crafting three completely different versions of their next five years. The students learn that it is up to them to invent their own future, and that they have the power to choose which vision to make real. They also learn that one’s path is rarely straight, and there is a complex dance between vision and revision, based on our unfolding experiences.

Engage Envision

There have been many times in my life that I, like Scott Harrison, have looked for a new direction. In each case, I applied to seemingly endless organizations, and with each application I imagined what it would be like to work there, knowing that each opportunity would open up a brand-new world of opportunities. Would I end up in a laboratory, a corporate office, a classroom, or on an expedition boat? Any and all of these were possible.
Sixteen years ago, I stumbled upon the job description for the assistant director role at the Stanford Technology Ventures Program (STVP), the then-new entrepreneurship center at the Stanford School of Engineering. It sounded intriguing, but I crumpled up the job description and threw it in the trash. You see, I had much more experience than was required for the position, and the salary was really low.
The next day, I pulled the piece of paper out of the trash and flattened it. Why not apply? It couldn’t hurt, right? As it turns out,...

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