Leviathan and the Air-Pump
eBook - ePub

Leviathan and the Air-Pump

Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life

Steven Shapin, Simon Schaffer

  1. 448 pagine
  2. English
  3. ePUB (disponibile sull'app)
  4. Disponibile su iOS e Android
eBook - ePub

Leviathan and the Air-Pump

Hobbes, Boyle, and the Experimental Life

Steven Shapin, Simon Schaffer

Dettagli del libro
Anteprima del libro
Indice dei contenuti
Citazioni

Informazioni sul libro

Leviathan and the Air-Pump examines the conflicts over the value and propriety of experimental methods between two major seventeenth-century thinkers: Thomas Hobbes, author of the political treatise Leviathan and vehement critic of systematic experimentation in natural philosophy, and Robert Boyle, mechanical philosopher and owner of the newly invented air-pump. The issues at stake in their disputes ranged from the physical integrity of the air-pump to the intellectual integrity of the knowledge it might yield. Both Boyle and Hobbes were looking for ways of establishing knowledge that did not decay into ad hominem attacks and political division. Boyle proposed the experiment as cure. He argued that facts should be manufactured by machines like the air-pump so that gentlemen could witness the experiments and produce knowledge that everyone agreed on. Hobbes, by contrast, looked for natural law and viewed experiments as the artificial, unreliable products of an exclusive guild.
The new approaches taken in Leviathan and the Air-Pump have been enormously influential on historical studies of science. Shapin and Schaffer found a moment of scientific revolution and showed how key scientific givens--facts, interpretations, experiment, truth--were fundamental to a new political order. Shapin and Schaffer were also innovative in their ethnographic approach. Attempting to understand the work habits, rituals, and social structures of a remote, unfamiliar group, they argued that politics were tied up in what scientists did, rather than what they said. Steven Shapin and Simon Schaffer use the confrontation between Hobbes and Boyle as a way of understanding what was at stake in the early history of scientific experimentation. They describe the protagonists' divergent views of natural knowledge, and situate the Hobbes-Boyle disputes within contemporary debates over the role of intellectuals in public life and the problems of social order and assent in Restoration England. In a new introduction, the authors describe how science and its social context were understood when this book was first published, and how the study of the history of science has changed since then.

Domande frequenti

Come faccio ad annullare l'abbonamento?
È semplicissimo: basta accedere alla sezione Account nelle Impostazioni e cliccare su "Annulla abbonamento". Dopo la cancellazione, l'abbonamento rimarrà attivo per il periodo rimanente già pagato. Per maggiori informazioni, clicca qui
È possibile scaricare libri? Se sì, come?
Al momento è possibile scaricare tramite l'app tutti i nostri libri ePub mobile-friendly. Anche la maggior parte dei nostri PDF è scaricabile e stiamo lavorando per rendere disponibile quanto prima il download di tutti gli altri file. Per maggiori informazioni, clicca qui
Che differenza c'è tra i piani?
Entrambi i piani ti danno accesso illimitato alla libreria e a tutte le funzionalità di Perlego. Le uniche differenze sono il prezzo e il periodo di abbonamento: con il piano annuale risparmierai circa il 30% rispetto a 12 rate con quello mensile.
Cos'è Perlego?
Perlego è un servizio di abbonamento a testi accademici, che ti permette di accedere a un'intera libreria online a un prezzo inferiore rispetto a quello che pagheresti per acquistare un singolo libro al mese. Con oltre 1 milione di testi suddivisi in più di 1.000 categorie, troverai sicuramente ciò che fa per te! Per maggiori informazioni, clicca qui.
Perlego supporta la sintesi vocale?
Cerca l'icona Sintesi vocale nel prossimo libro che leggerai per verificare se è possibile riprodurre l'audio. Questo strumento permette di leggere il testo a voce alta, evidenziandolo man mano che la lettura procede. Puoi aumentare o diminuire la velocità della sintesi vocale, oppure sospendere la riproduzione. Per maggiori informazioni, clicca qui.
Leviathan and the Air-Pump è disponibile online in formato PDF/ePub?
Sì, puoi accedere a Leviathan and the Air-Pump di Steven Shapin, Simon Schaffer in formato PDF e/o ePub, così come ad altri libri molto apprezzati nelle sezioni relative a Histoire e Histoire des sciences. Scopri oltre 1 milione di libri disponibili nel nostro catalogo.

Informazioni

Anno
2011
ISBN
9781400838493

· INDEX ·

This is a single index of subjects and persons. Emphasis is on subjects, and persons are usually indexed as subheadings rather than as main entries. Where persons’ names are found as main entries, these entries are not comprehensive. When used as subheadings, Huygens is always Christiaan Huygens, and More is Henry More. Works by Boyle and Hobbes appear as main entries, and are distinguished by (B) or (H) after their titles.
Conventions used are: f for figure, and n for note. Italicized page numbers denote the main treatment of indexed topic.
Académie Royale des Sciences, Paris, 228f, 229, 269–71, 273, 275f
Accademia del Cimento, Florence, 230, 276–78
access: to air-pumps, 38–39
to experimental space, 113–14, 336
denied to Hobbes, 230, 320–31, 333
Acts. See Clarendon Code; Licensing Act; Treason Act; Triennial Act; Uniformity Act
adequacy, treatment of, 13–14
adhesion. See cohesion
aer purus, and Hobbes, 118, 120, 123, 179–80
aether, 337
Boyle, 45–46, 119–20, 181–84, 217n
Hobbes, 87–88, 117–20, 181
Huygens, 199–200, 243–44, 246, 269–72
Newton, 199–200
Noël, 157
Power, 331. See also air
air: Boyle, 179–85, 263–64
Brouncker, 263
density of, 53
Descartes, 358–59
elasticity of, see spring of
Hobbes, 115–18, 120, 123
Hooke, 120, 264
Huygens, 120
Wallis, 120
pressure of: Boyle, 40, 44, 48, 50–55, 189–93, 198, 210, 217, 221
Hobbes, 192
More, 211–12, 221
spring of, 44–45, 188, 263
Boyle, 40, 50–55, 121, 124–25, 141,...

Indice dei contenuti

  1. Cover
  2. Half title
  3. Title
  4. Copyright
  5. Dedication
  6. Contents
  7. List of Illustrations
  8. Introduction to the 2011 Edition
  9. Notes on Sources and Conventions
  10. Acknowledgments
  11. · I · Understanding Experiment
  12. · II · Seeing and Believing: The Experimental Production of Pneumatic Facts
  13. · III · Seeing Double: Hobbes’s Politics of Plenism before 1660
  14. · IV · The Trouble with Experiment: Hobbes versus Boyle
  15. · V · Boyle’s Adversaries: Experiment Defended
  16. · VI · Replication and Its Troubles: Air-Pumps in the 1660s
  17. · VII · Natural Philosophy and the Restoration: Interests in Dispute
  18. · VIII · The Polity of Science: Conclusions
  19. Bibliography
  20. Index