The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas
eBook - ePub

The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas

Ben-Tsiyon Klibansky, Nahum Schnitzer

Share book
  1. 406 pages
  2. English
  3. ePUB (mobile friendly)
  4. Available on iOS & Android
eBook - ePub

The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas

Ben-Tsiyon Klibansky, Nahum Schnitzer

Book details
Book preview
Table of contents

About This Book

The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas tells the story of the last chapter of Jewish rabbinical schools in Eastern Europe, from the eve of World War I to the outbreak of World War II.

The Lithuanian yeshiva established a rigorous standard for religious education in the early 1800s that persisted for over a century and continues to this day. Although dramatically reduced and forced into exile in Russia and Ukraine during World War I, the yeshivas survived the war, with yeshiva heads and older students forming the nucleus of the institutions. These scholars rehabilitated the yeshivas in their original locations and quickly returned to their regular activities. Moreover, they soon began to expand into areas now empty of yeshivas in lands occupied by Hasidic populations in Poland and even into the lands that would soon become Israel.

During the economic depression of the 1930s, students struggled for food and their leaders journeyed abroad in search for funding, but their determination and commitment to the yeshiva system continued. Despite the material difficulties that prevailed in the yeshivas, there was consistently a full occupancy of students, most of them in their twenties. Young men from all over the free world joined these yeshivas, which were considered the best training programs for the religious professions and rabbinical ordination. The outbreak of World War II and the Soviet occupation of first eastern Poland and then Lithuania marked the beginning of the end of the Yeshivas, however, and the Holocaust ensured the final destruction of the venerable institution.

The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas is the first book-length work on the modern history of the Lithuanian yeshivas published in English. Through exhaustive historical research of every yeshiva, Ben-Tsiyon Klibansky brings to light for the first time the stories, lives, and inner workings of this long-lost world.

Frequently asked questions

How do I cancel my subscription?
Simply head over to the account section in settings and click on “Cancel Subscription” - it’s as simple as that. After you cancel, your membership will stay active for the remainder of the time you’ve paid for. Learn more here.
Can/how do I download books?
At the moment all of our mobile-responsive ePub books are available to download via the app. Most of our PDFs are also available to download and we're working on making the final remaining ones downloadable now. Learn more here.
What is the difference between the pricing plans?
Both plans give you full access to the library and all of Perlego’s features. The only differences are the price and subscription period: With the annual plan you’ll save around 30% compared to 12 months on the monthly plan.
What is Perlego?
We are an online textbook subscription service, where you can get access to an entire online library for less than the price of a single book per month. With over 1 million books across 1000+ topics, we’ve got you covered! Learn more here.
Do you support text-to-speech?
Look out for the read-aloud symbol on your next book to see if you can listen to it. The read-aloud tool reads text aloud for you, highlighting the text as it is being read. You can pause it, speed it up and slow it down. Learn more here.
Is The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas an online PDF/ePUB?
Yes, you can access The Golden Age of the Lithuanian Yeshivas by Ben-Tsiyon Klibansky, Nahum Schnitzer in PDF and/or ePUB format, as well as other popular books in Théologie et religion & Théologie juive. We have over one million books available in our catalogue for you to explore.



Note: Page numbers in italics indicate a figure or a table.
Adler, Cyrus, 119
Aid Committee for Religious Educational Institutions, 125
aid to WWI-suffering Jews in Eastern Europe, American organized, 118
aid to yeshivas, Jewish organized, 117–22; of America, 112–14, 117–19, 123–24, 136, 222, 326; of Central Europe, 113; of Germany, 112; of London, 112; of South Africa, 113, 139
Alekna, Tadas, 274
Alexander II, Tsar, 238
aliyah, 187, 280–81, 299, 318n48, 340; certificates for the migrating yeshivas in WWII, 284–85, 297; certificates for the Novardok yeshivas, 97; of Knesset-Yisrael Slabodka branch, 91–94, 101–2, 334, 336; of Lomzhe branch, 95–96, 101–2; of Novardok branches, 96–98, 101–2; yeshivah heads’ worldview regarding, 89–90
Alliance, 118, 141n14
Amdur, 341
American Jewish Relief Committee, 118
Amtchislav, 56, 341
Amtchislav yeshivas, 56, 60, 237, 338, 341
army: Bolshevik Russian (see Russian army, Bolshevik); of the Cossacks of Chmelnitsky, 2; exemption from Polish, 25n31; Swedish, 2; Tsardom Russian (see Russian army, Tsardom); WWI German, 11, 35, 39, 41, 67, 118; WWII German, 266–68, 288n42, 295, 314; WWII Polish, 266–67; WWII Soviet, 267–69, 272, 290–91
Asher (Rosh), Rabbeinu, 166
Austria, 244
autonomy, Jewish: in Grand Duchy of Lithuania, 2. See also Lithuania, independent: national autonomy for Jews in; Poland, Republic of: cultural autonomy for Jews in
Azherena, 312
Azov Sea, 68
Baksht, 334
Baksht, Aharon, 65, 191, 273, 333
Baltic countries, 17, 290. See also Estonia; Latvia; Lithuania
Baltic Sea, 2, 288n42
Baltimore, 26n37
Baranovitch, 87–88, 266; Hasidic court of Slonim in, 86, 98; post-WWI pass of Radin Yeshiva through, 61n5; in WWII, 267, 271
Baranovitch Ohel-Torah Yeshiva: acceptance of yeshiva-ketana graduates by, 226; heads, 204, 287; kibbutz class, 214, 228–29; multiage structure, 228; Musar supervisor, 204; popularity among Hasidim, 81; post-WWI reestablishment, 341; practical halachic studies in, 149; requests of acceptance to, 214; sixth class, 214; student population, 228; students’ age, 228–...

Table of contents