Second Treatise of Government
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Second Treatise of Government

John Locke, My Old Classics, My Old Classics

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๐Ÿ“– eBook - ePub

Second Treatise of Government

John Locke, My Old Classics, My Old Classics

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Second Treatise of Government by John Locke - In the Second Treatise Locke develops a number of notable themes. It begins with a depiction of the state of nature, wherein individuals are under no obligation to obey one another but are each themselves judge of what the law of nature requires. It also covers conquest and slavery, property, representative government, and the right of revolution.In 17th-century England, the work of Thomas Hobbes popularized theories based upon a state of nature, even as most of those who employed such arguments were deeply troubled by his absolutist conclusions. Locke's state of nature can be seen in light of this tradition. There is not and never has been any divinely ordained monarch over the entire world, Locke argues. However, the fact that the natural state of humanity is without an institutionalized government does not mean it is lawless. Human beings are still subject to the laws of God and nature. In contrast to Hobbes, who posited the state of nature as a hypothetical possibility, Locke takes great pains to show that such a state did indeed exist.Actually, it still exists in the area of international relations where there is not and is never likely to be any legitimate overarching government (i.e., one directly chosen by all the people subject to it). Whereas Hobbes stresses the disadvantages of the state of nature, Locke points to its good points. It is free, if full of continual dangers (2nd Tr., ยง 123). Finally, the proper alternative to the natural state is not political dictatorship/tyranny but a government that has been established with consent of the people and the effective protection of basic human rights to life, liberty, and property under the rule of law.

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Citation styles for Second Treatise of GovernmentHow to cite Second Treatise of Government for your reference list or bibliography: select your referencing style from the list below and hit 'copy' to generate a citation. If your style isn't in the list, you can start a free trial to access over 20 additional styles from the Perlego eReader.
APA 6 Citation
Locke, J. (2022). Second Treatise of Government (1st ed.). Books on Demand. Retrieved from (Original work published 2022)
Chicago Citation
Locke, John. (2022) 2022. Second Treatise of Government. 1st ed. Books on Demand.
Harvard Citation
Locke, J. (2022) Second Treatise of Government. 1st edn. Books on Demand. Available at: (Accessed: 22 March 2023).
MLA 7 Citation
Locke, John. Second Treatise of Government. 1st ed. Books on Demand, 2022. Web. 22 Mar. 2023.