Structuralism and Poststructuralism For Beginners
eBook - ePub

Structuralism and Poststructuralism For Beginners

Donald D. Palmer

  1. 160 pages
  2. English
  3. ePUB (mobile friendly)
  4. Available on iOS & Android
eBook - ePub

Structuralism and Poststructuralism For Beginners

Donald D. Palmer

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About This Book

“What is Structuralism? How is it possible? And once the structures of Structuralism have been discovered, how is Poststructuralism possible?”Thus begins Don Palmer’s  Structuralism and Poststructuralism For Beginners. If Nobel or Pulitzer ever made a prize for making the most difficult philosophers and ideas accessible to the greatest number of people, one of the leading candidates would certainly be Professor Don Palmer. From his  Sartre For Beginners  and   Kierkegaard For Beginners  to his  Looking at Philosophy, author/illustrator Don Palmer has the magic touch when it comes to translating the most brutally difficult ideas into language and images that non-specialists can understand.“In its less dramatic versions, ” writes Palme, “structuralism is just a method of studying language, society, and the works of artists and novelists. But in its most exuberant form, it is a philosophy, an overall worldview that provides an account of reality and knowledge.” Poststructuralism is a loosely knit intellectual movement, comprised mainly of ex-structuralists, who either became dissatisfied with the theory or felt they could improve it. Structuralism and Poststructuralism For Beginners  is an illustrated tour through the mysterious landscape of Structuralism and Poststructuralism. The book’s starting point is the linguistic theory of Ferdinand de Sausser. The book moves on to the anthropologist and literary critic Claude Lévi-Strauss; the semiologost and literary critic Roland Barthes; the Marxist philosopher Louis Althusser; the psychoanalyst Jacques Lacan; the deconstructionist Jacques Derrida. Learn among other things, why structuralists say

  • Reality is composed of not Things, but Relationships
  • Every “object” is both a presence and an absence
  • The total system is present in each of its parts
  • The parts are more real than the whole

The book concludes by examining the postmodern obsession with language and with the radical claim of the disappearance of the individual – obsessions that unite the work of all these theorists.

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For Beginners


alienation, 143
Althusser, Louis, 9
Anglo-American philosophy, 46
anthropology, 2729
a priori truths, 3132, 146
arche-writing, 133, 143
Aristotle, 126
art, and unreason, 11718
Artaud, Antonin, 11718
associative relations, 24
atomism, 2, 5, 88, 143
authors, 6164
avunculate, 37, 143

Balzac, Honoré de, 62
Barthes, Roland, 48, 4964, 132, 141
Elements of Semiology, 54
A Lover’s Discourse: Fragments, 64
Mythologies, 55
“Myth Today,” 5560
The Pleasure of the Text, 64
Sade/Fourier/Loyola, 55
S/Z, 62
“Wine and Milk,” 59
“The World of Wrestling,” 60
Berkeley, George, 5
binary opposites, 13339, 140
biology, and the mind, 8586
Blake, William, 104
books, readerly vs. writerly, 62
Bosch, Hieronymus, 99
Brecht, Bertolt, 62

Camus, Albert, 124
Carroll, Lewis, 108
Cervantes, Don Quixote, 100, 106, 107
civilization, 113
clans, and totems, 3842
condensation, 69, 143
Continental philosophy, 46
Culler, Jonathan, 18
myths of, 5660...

Table of contents