# Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS

## Lawrence S. Meyers, Glenn C. Gamst, A. J. Guarino

# Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS

## Lawrence S. Meyers, Glenn C. Gamst, A. J. Guarino

## About This Book

Features easy-to-follow insight and clear guidelines to perform data analysis using IBM SPSSĀ®

Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS Ā® uniquely addresses the presented statistical procedures with an example problem, detailed analysis, and the related data sets. Data entry procedures, variable naming, and step-by-step instructions for all analyses are provided in addition to IBM SPSS point-and-click methods, including details on how to view and manipulate output.

Designed as a user's guide for students and other interested readers to perform statistical data analysis with IBM SPSS, this book addresses the needs, level of sophistication, and interest in introductory statistical methodology on the part of readers in social and behavioral science, business, health-related, and education programs. Each chapter of Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS covers a particular statistical procedure and offers the following: an example problem or analysis goal, together with a data set; IBM SPSS analysis with step-by-step analysis setup and accompanying screen shots; and IBM SPSS output with screen shots and narrative on how to read or interpret the results of the analysis.

The book provides in-depth chapter coverage of:

- IBM SPSS statistical output
- Descriptive statistics procedures
- Score distribution assumption evaluations
- Bivariate correlation
- Regressing (predicting) quantitative and categorical variables
- Survival analysis
- t Test
- ANOVA and ANCOVA
- Multivariate group differences
- Multidimensional scaling
- Cluster analysis
- Nonparametric procedures for frequency data

Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS is an excellent text for upper-undergraduate and graduate-level students in courses on social, behavioral, and health sciences as well as secondary education, research design, and statistics. Also an excellent reference, the book is ideal for professionals and researchers in the social, behavioral, and health sciences; applied statisticians; and practitioners working in industry.

## Information

# Chapter 1: Introduction to IBM SPSSĀ®

# 1.1 What is IBM SPSS?

*Statistical Package for the Social Sciences*but it is now treated as just a familiar array of letters. This is just as well, as researchers from a wide array of disciplines, not just those in the social sciences, use this software. Relatively recently, IBM purchased SPSS and beginning with version 19 has officially renamed the software as IBM SPSS.

# 1.2 Brief History

# 1.3 Types of IBM SPSS Files and File Name Extensions

*data files*,

*output files*, and

*syntax files*. We constantly deal with data and output files; more seasoned users also use syntax files extensively. Each file type has its own file name extension and distinctive icon, as shown in Figure 1.1. We discuss data files in Chapter 2 and output files in Chapter 4 and leave any discussion of syntax files for more specialized applications in some of the later topics covered in the book (e.g., performing simple effects in analysis of variance). The story on each file type in simplified form is as follows:

**Data File.**This is a spreadsheet containing the data that were collected from the participating entities or*cases*(e.g., students in a university class, patients in a clinic, retail stores in a national chain). In the data file, the variables are represented as columns; cases, as rows. This file type uses the extension .**sav**and its icon shows a grid.**Output File.**This file is produced when IBM SPSS has performed the requested statistical analysis (or other operations such as saving the data file). It contains the results of the procedure. This file type uses the extension .**spv**and its icon shows a window with a banner.**Syntax File.**This file contains the IBM SPSS computer code (syntax) that drives the analysis. This file type uses the extension .**sps**and its icon shows a window with horizontal lines.

- select
**Control Panel ā Folder Options ā View Tab**; - uncheck the checkbox for
**Hide extensions for known file types**; - click
**OK**.

- Select
**Finder ā Preferences ā Advanced Tab**. - Check the checkbox for
**Show all filename extensions**. - Close the window.

# Chapter 2: Entering Data in IBM SPSSĀ®

# 2.1 The Starting Point

**Type in data**or by selecting

**Cancel**, we can reach the IBM SPSS spreadsheet (the

**Data View**display). We will select

**Cancel**.

# 2.2 The Two Types of Displays

**Data View**because it is, quite literally, where we enter and view our data. But as shown in Figure 2.2, it is also possible to display the

**Variable View**. Whether we are entering our own data or importing an already constructed data set (as described in Chapter 3), we will need to work in both the

**Data View**and the

**Variable View**screens. Although we can deal with these screens in any order, we strongly encourage those new to IBM SPSS to begin with the

**Variable View**screen when entering a new data set.

# 2.3 A Sample Data Set

*ID.*This is an arbitrary identification code associated with each research participant (case). The ID de-identifies participants, thus protecting their anonymity and guaranteeing confidentiality. The ID also allows us to review the original data (which should also cont...

## Table of contents

*Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS*(1st ed.). Wiley. Retrieved from https://www.perlego.com/book/999979/performing-data-analysis-using-ibm-spss-pdf (Original work published 2013)

*Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS*. 1st ed. Wiley. https://www.perlego.com/book/999979/performing-data-analysis-using-ibm-spss-pdf.

*Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS*. 1st edn. Wiley. Available at: https://www.perlego.com/book/999979/performing-data-analysis-using-ibm-spss-pdf (Accessed: 14 October 2022).

*Performing Data Analysis Using IBM SPSS*. 1st ed. Wiley, 2013. Web. 14 Oct. 2022.