People can be protective of their images and take badly to finding them used online without permission. Thankfully, the fair use doctrine allows both students and researchers to use copyrighted images without first having to acquire permission. However, the fair use doctrine does not protect students from plagiarism, therefore images must still be cited appropriately.

To cite an image it is important to include the following:

  • Creator name
  • Year of publication
  • Image title
  • Description of media
  • URL

Image citation format: Harvard style

Surname, Initial(s). (Year) Image Title [Description of media]. Available at: URL (Accessed: Day Month Year).

For example:

Gustafsson, J. (2005) Dog [Photograph]. Available at: https://www.flickr.com/photos/hunden/8545183695/in/photolist-e27ipn-aiTNYw-4CLJtR-XbiSoH-7QFV6c-SMQ3kL-wAuyJ6-RED8ts-25hDpuo-bFDKMM-btkyiC-p46xHE-RiaSLE-bFDKn4-pzTULx-8T3nXL-fVduaQ-aPR1RT-SLVKhH-P7r48L-7QKde3-hYEo5p-M82MKA-9t1T2c-K7EPSk-CED5W3-FAAAud-8DRPes-qrBkfC-4CR1Mj-7QKdnL-9SErb6-Z7waXA-232ok4m-h3gL6w-22hBtTh-6EuENc-opGBxD-du329G-QHraGc-57vwQ7-868hPT-ZMq6mw-24yqbT6-gCur4i-9SHj3q-25BQts4-rWEZPy-22de8h5-aJfzMn (Accessed: 7 July 2019).

Sato, A. (2010) Doge [Photograph]. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Doge_(meme)#/media/File:Original_Doge_meme.jpg (Accessed: 13 December 2021).